The Tensile Architecture (also called in other forms: Tensile structures, Textile architecture, Tensoestructuras, etc. ) is one in which most of the structural elements are subjected to tensile stress.
To withstand this type of tensile stress, we usually use the following structural elements:
Linear : Strings, ropes, cables, tendons, belts, etc.
Surface : Canvases, membranes, fabrics, films, foils, etc.
But, there is no only tensile stress. Often tensile stresses do not go directly to the fixed supports: Foundations, anchors, etc. , but which are compensated by other elements that support compressions (masts, arches, … ) or bending (beams, arches, … ).
The origin of this type of architecture is very old, ancient, if we consider the nomadic constructions of all times, or the textile accessories in buildings of all kinds: shades, protection from rain, etc.
This type of design usually requires special knowledge, both in the design phase and in implementation. And much of this knowledge are very important in the specific software support.
WinTess3 is one of the dedicated software to facilitate the task of design in the field of Tensile Architecture.